In 1763, Spain traded Florida to the Kingdom of Great Britain for control of Havana, Cuba, which had been captured by the British during the Seven Years' War.
It was part of a large expansion of British territory following their victory in the Seven Years' War.
This would be the first introduction of much of the English-derived legal system which Florida still has today including trial by jury, habeas corpus and county-based government.
Neither East Florida nor West Florida would send any representatives to Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence. Americans of English descent and Americans of Scots-Irish descent began moving into northern Florida from the backwoods of Georgia and South Carolina.
Florida was the first part of the continental United States to be visited and settled by Europeans.
This would be the first permanent English-speaking population in what is now Duval County, Baker County, St. The British built good public roads and introduced the cultivation of sugar cane, indigo and fruits as well the export of lumber.
state of Georgia; to the east by the Atlantic Ocean; and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States (due to the consolidation of Jacksonville with Duval County).
It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. The American alligator, American crocodile, Florida panther, and manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León – who named it La Florida ( – Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845.
Spain established several settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success.
In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was mostly abandoned by 1561. Augustine (San Agustín) was established under the leadership of admiral and governor Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, creating what would become the oldest European settlement in the continental U. and establishing the first generation of Floridanos and the government of Florida.
In 1738, Governor Manuel de Montiano established Fort Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose near St.