Jewish monotheism has had both universalistic and particularistic features.Along universal lines, it has affirmed a God who created and rules the entire world and who at the end of history will redeem all Israel (the classical name for the Jewish people), all humankind, and indeed the whole world.It is a total guide to religious and ethical conduct, involving ritualistic observance as well as individual and social .
Law embraces practically all domains of Jewish life, and it became the principle means by which Judaism was to bring about the reign of God on earth.
This arrangement is designated a covenant and is structured by an elaborate and intricate law.
Thus, the Jewish people are both entitled to special privileges and burdened with special responsibilities from God.
From Canaan the Hebrew ancestors of the people of Israel (named after the patriarch Jacob, also called Israel) migrated to Egypt, where they lived in servitude; a few generations later they returned to occupy part of Canaan.
Israelite culture initially resembled that of its surroundings; it was neither wholly original nor wholly primitive.