If a significant amount of differences were found, we could conclude that our Old Testament Text had not been well preserved.Critics, along with religious groups such as Muslims and Mormons, often make the claim that the present day Old Testament has been corrupted and is not well preserved.Most variants were minor spelling differences, and none affected the meaning of the text.One of the most respected Old Testament scholars, the late Gleason Archer, examined the two Isaiah scrolls found in Cave 1 and wrote, "Even though the two copies of Isaiah discovered in Qumran Cave 1 near the Dead Sea in 1947 were a thousand years earlier than the oldest dated manuscript previously known (A. 980), they proved to be word for word identical with our standard Hebrew Bible in more than 95 percent of the text.Thinking that his goat may have fallen into the cave, he threw rocks into the opening.Instead of hearing a startled goat, he heard the shattering of clay pottery.As I said in my first article on the scroll, ‘Herein lies its chief importance, supporting the fidelity of the Masoretic tradition.'" A significant comparison study was conducted with the Isaiah Scroll written around 100 B. that was found among the Dead Sea documents and the book of Isaiah found in the Masoretic text.After much research, scholars found that the two texts were practically identical.
A group of devoted Jews removed themselves from the mainstream and began a monastic life in the Judean desert.
They found ten other caves that contained thousands of ancient documents as well. One of the most significant discoveries was a well-preserved scroll of the entire book of Isaiah.
One of the greatest treasures of ancient manuscripts had been discovered: the Dead Sea Scrolls. Scientists, using the radiocarbon dating method, dated the scrolls to range from the fourth century B. The famous Copper Scrolls were discovered in Cave 3 in 1952.
Lowering himself into the cave, he discovered several sealed jars. To his disappointment, he found them to contain leather scrolls.
He collected seven of the best scrolls and left the other fragments scattered on the ground.
Their studies of the Old Testament Scriptures led them to believe that God's judgment upon Jerusalem was imminent and that the anointed one would return to restore the nation of Israel and purify their worship.