From top, left to right: Skyline of Downtown, Freedom Tower, Villa Vizcaya, Miami Tower, Virginia Key Beach, Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, American Airlines Arena, Port of Miami, the Moon over Miami) is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States. The Civic Center is a major center for hospitals, research institutes, medical centers, and biotechnology industries.
As the seat of Miami-Dade County, the municipality is the principal, central, and the most populous city of the Miami metropolitan area and part of the second-most populous metropolis in the southeastern United States. For more than two decades, the Port of Miami, known as the "Cruise Capital of the World", has been the number one cruise passenger port in the world.
In the 1980s and 1990s, South Florida weathered social problems related to drug wars, immigration from Haiti and Latin America, and the widespread destruction of Hurricane Andrew.
Racial and cultural tensions were sometimes sparked, but the city developed in the latter half of the 20th century as a major international, financial, and cultural center.
Downtown Miami is home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States, and many large national and international companies.
It accommodates some of the world's largest cruise ships and operations, and is the busiest port in both passenger traffic and cruise lines.
When World War II began, Miami, well-situated on the southern coast of Florida, became a base for US defense against German submarines.
The war brought an increase in Miami's population; by 1940, 172,172 people lived in the city.
View from one of the higher points in Miami, west of downtown.
After Fidel Castro rose to power in Cuba in 1959, many wealthy Cubans sought refuge in Miami, further increasing the population.
The city developed businesses and cultural amenities as part of the New South.
Whatever their role in the city's growth, their community's growth was limited to a small space.
When landlords began to rent homes to African-Americans in neighborhoods close to Avenue J (what would later become NW Fifth Avenue), a gang of white men with torches visited the renting families and warned them to move or be bombed.
In 1836, the US built Fort Dallas as part of its development of the Florida Territory and attempt to suppress and remove the Seminole.